Fire doors with fire activated bolts

FRNSW require fire doors to remain functional (i.e. openable and closeable) for the duration of any fire to allow safe evacuation of occupants and to facilitate fire brigade intervention. Fire doors should not be fitted with supplementary bolts that render the door inoperable once activated by fire.

FRNSW understand that fire activated bolts are being installed within some fire resisting doorsets to allow the door to pass the fire resistance requirements of AS 1530.4:2014 Methods for fire tests on building materials, components and structures, Part 4: Fire-resistance tests for elements of construction.

Fire activated bolts are supplementary anchoring bolts that latch the door leaf to the frame when activated by fire and can be triggered by various means (e.g. intumescent, fusible link, magnetic), and secure the door shut to minimise warping and ensure integrity.

However, if these bolts activate prior to or during occupant evacuation or fire brigade intervention then Performance Requirement D1P2 of the National Construction Code (NCC) is not being satisfied as occupants may have their egress impeded or become trapped in the building and fire brigade intervention may be impeded.

Note: Fire activated bolts may trigger early during fire, or even prior through unintended deployment, and render the door inoperable well within the maximum duration of the door’s corresponding fire test period.

Certifiers must ensure that Performance Requirement D1P2 is being satisfied to ensure fire doors remain readily openable by a person seeking egress or by firefighters undertaking intervention. Reliance should not be solely placed on AS 1530.4:2014 test reports as evidence of suitability.

Position statement summary

Updated: 29th April 2024