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Bushfire survival plan

NSW Rural Fire Service

For the latest information on current bushfire warnings and bushfire safety resources visit


It is your responsibility to prepare yourself, your family and your home for the threat of bushfire and to maintain adequate levels of insurance. You need to make a Bushfire survival plan (PDF) and prepare your property to give yourself, your family and your home the best chance of survival.

Things to consider when preparing your Bushfire Survival Plan include:

  • Is your home defendable? Is it adequately constructed, maintained and prepared to withstand the impact of a fire? Check the Bushfire Household Assessment Tool on the RFS website.
  • Are you able to make the necessary bush fire preparations for yourself and your property?
  • Are you physically and emotionally prepared to actively defend your property?
  • Do you need to consider family members who are young, elderly or infirm?
  • What will you do if a rapid onset fire leaves you with no time to leave – where will you shelter and how will you get there?
  • Do you have the necessary knowledge, skills, confidence and firefighting equipment to stay and defend your property?
  • Do you have well maintained firefighting resources and equipment and do you know how to use them?
    Do you know where to go and what you will take if you make the decision to leave early?

During a bushfire your priority is to ensure that you and your family are safe and survive. The lives of you and your family are more important than any building.

Ultimately your survival and safety will depend on the decisions you make and Preparation is the key to surviving a bushfire so whatever happens:

  • Make a Bushfire survival plan (PDF) and stick to it.
  • Don't 'wait and see', act decisively.
  • Always be aware of the Fire Danger Rating (FDR) in your area.
  • Seek out information, do not assume you will receive a warning.
  • Know the location of your nearest Neighbourhood Safer Place.

Being involved in a fire will be one of the most traumatic experiences of your life, so once you have completed your Bushfire Survival Plan you should practise it regularly to ensure everyone involved knows exactly what to do in the event of a fire.

Failure to take action can result in death or injury to you or your family members.

Bushfire Survival Plan Toolkit

Bushfire survival plan toolkit (PDF)

Printable factsheet

Bushfire survival plan factsheet (PDF, 557KB)

For information contact your local fire station or visit or or

Revised 23 October 2009.

In an Emergency Call Triple Zero (000)

A collaboration of the Fire & Rescue NSW, NSW Rural Fire Service, ACT Fire Brigade and ACT Rural Fire Service